Sunday, 27 November 2011

[Plan] Week14: 28 Nov 2011 - At Home


Cultural tidbit of the week:- Korean kinship terms I

The vocabulary to be learnt this week:-

  • Counter: item 게 ; volume 권 ; year 년 ; month 달 ; dollar 달러 ; animal 마리 ; people 명 ; Korean won 원; month 월; day 일
  • Noun: family members - father, mother, older brother, older sister, younger brother, younger sister
  • Number: Sino-Korean numbers and native Korean numbers
  • Particle: and (with nouns) 하고
  • Pre-noun: how many, what (with a counter) 몇
  • Verb: to be (existence), stay 겨시다 hon. (겨세요)
  • Expression:
    • 있으세요/없으세요 is the honorific form of 있어요/없어요 "to have/to not have"
    • 계세요/안 계세요 is the honorific form of 있어요/없어요 "to be/to not be (existence)"
    • 이세요/세요 is honorific form of copula 이다 "to be (equation)"

The grammer points to be digested:-

  1. Alternative questions - used to ask someone to choose one from the given choices (동생이 있어요, 없어요?)
  2. Sino-Korean numbers and native Korean numbers
  3. Noun counters - when you count you must use different counters. Some counters take Sino-Korean numbers, and some take native numbers and others can be used with either numbers in high numbers (>= 50)
  4. Word order in counting is [Noun] + [이/가 Particle] + [Number] + [Counter]
  5. 몇 + [Counter] - 몇 is the question word for quantity and is almost always followed by a counter: 몇 층, 몇 살, 몇 마리, 몇 시간
  6. 얼마 "how much" is used for 원 (Korean won) instead of 몇 원(how many)

Here is my study plan for the week beginning 28 Nov 2011

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