Monday, 5 December 2011

[Plan] Week15: 05 Dec 2011 - At Home


Cultural tidbit of the week:- Traditional Korean dress 한복

The vocabulary to be learnt this week:-

  • Adjective: to be bad 나쁘다; to be pretty 예쁘다; to be small (in size) 작다; to be expensive 비싸다; to be thankful 고맙다
  • Noun: places - New York, LA, Hawaii; roommate 룸메이트; apartment 아파트; (1) relationship (2) between 사이
  • Particle: only 만; of (possessive particle) 의
  • Pronoun: we/us/our 저희 humble (우리 plain); this 이거; my 제 humble (내 plain)
  • Verb: to learn 배우다; to come 오다; to sleep 자다; to give 주다
  • Expression:
    • "Thank you." 고마워요.
    • "How many rooms are there in your apartment?" 아파트에 방이 몇 개 있어요?
    • "My roommates and me are very close." 룸메이트하고 저는 사이가 아주 좋아요.
    • "Whose [room] is this?" 이거 누구 [방]이에요[/예요]?

The grammer points to be digested:-

  1. Expressing possessive relations: N1 N2 - The most common way of expressing the possessive relation is to place the possessor (N1) and the possessed (N2) side by side. The possessive particle 의 is usually not used in conversation. E.g. My mother 우리 어머니; Student's name 학생 이름
  2. Expressing possessive relations for abstract concepts: N1의 N2 E.g. The capital of Korean 한국의 수도
  3. Vowel contraction - when two vowels meet in verb/adjective conjugation, vowel contraction frequently occurs
    • Two identical vowels (아 + 아) becomes a single vowel, e.g. 비싸요
    • 애 causes the following 어 to be dropped, e.g. 지내요
    • The sequence 이 + 어 is contracted to 여, e.g. 마셔요
    • The honorific 시 + 어, however, is contracted to 세 instead of 셔, e.g. 계세요
    • Combinations that can be contracted to diphthongs - 우 + 어 => 워, 오 + 아 => 와, e.g. 와요,봐요, 배워요,
    • Verbs and adjectives whose stems end in 으 lose the 으 before another vowel, e.g. 커요, 나빠요, 여뻐요

Here is my study plan for the week beginning 05 Dec 2011

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